kevin's website

open source engineering software

This is a list of open source software that I have found useful or interesting for electronic engineering.

circuit simulation

Use qucs if you want a gui that you can build circuits in. Qucs also has a very interesting "workbook" style workflow for displaying simulation results.

Use ngspice if you are the type of person that actually understands spice and likes to type out your netlists.

Electromagnetics

openEMS is the most popular open source electromagnetic analysis package but I have not yet tried it out.

There is also the scikit-rf python library.

Micro Controllers

The arduino IDE is excellent for programming and flashing a variety of micro controllers and the built in serial monitor is very good as well.

help with math

sympy gamma is an online frontend to the sympy python package which can solve many different math problems with steps.

Programming

GNU Octave makes for an excellent matlab alternative that is nearly 1 to 1 compatible for most tasks. (some functions from the matlab control package have not been implemented in octave, Though development is taking place - albeit quite slowly.)

Python can be used for most things that are difficult to do in Octave. be sure to install and check the documentation of the following packages:

you can install packages to be used with python with the following command (works on mac, windows and linux as long as python is in your path)

pip install --user package_name

You can also try out Julia which is a newer language aimed at science and mathematics that takes a lot of cues from python. It seems to have a fairly decent amount of packages and functions for control systems, dsp, and system identification.

Note taking

I don't typically take electronic notes because there is just too much content for me to type out and I end up wasting a lot of time trying to make the notes coherent, legible and pretty when they don't really need to be.

when I do want to take electronic notes I either take them using the markdown format in a plaintext file or I use a Jupyter notebook.

Jupyter notebooks have the benefit of being interactive and having very easy ways to export as pdf or other formats which make it great for reports.

Text editors

Some people can go a very long time without every figuring out what a text editor is or how it differs from an IDE. when I was first learning programming I thought the IDE was the programming language and that every programming language came as a big software package that took care of everything I needed. A text editor is just that a program for editing plain text files. They usually have some niceties like syntax highlighting and text prediction but they don't need to have those.

Once I discovered text editors I think my overall understanding of the act of programming and my ability to fix compile errors improved significantly even if it makes some tasks a little bit more effort.

One major benefit of using a text editor instead of IDEs is that you only need to learn one program and you can use it for every programming language or plaintext task you need.

when I am on my linux machine I use vim and when I am on windows I use VSCode (or VSCodium) with the Vim extension. VSCode has a lot of the capabilities of an IDE due to it's plug in system. This allows it to stay fairly light weight as you only need to install the plugins that are required for your specific needs.

I suggest installing the "Python" extension as well as "markdown all in one" and and the aforementioned vim plugin.

I will give an honorable mention to notepad++ on windows. It supports syntax highlighting for MANY languages out of the box and starts up insanely quickly it is a mature and well optimized piece of software but it is only available on windows.